Art Education
Lesson Plan

Subject/Title: Papier-mâché Bowl
Grade Level: 5-12
Goal: To introduce student to students to a sculptural technique using papier-mâché.
Objectives: Students will produce a bowl made of papier-mâché.

Materials:
Plastic or glass bowl(s) to use as mold
Newspaper, paper towels
Scissors
Wallpaper paste
Utility knife
Gesso
Acrylic paints and brushes
Vaseline
Spray varnish, gloss interior wood varnish

Procedure:
1. Smear a thin layer of Vaseline all over the inside of bowl.
2. Tear strips of newspaper and mix paste. Dip newspaper strips in paste, and apply to bowl, going over the rim to outside of bowl about inch.
3. Vary the pattern of the papier-mâché to avoid any weakness, by alternating the direction of paper strips. Continue until entire bowl has a minimum of 3 to 5 layers of newspaper. This can be done in one sitting. For last layer, use paper towels instead of newspaper.
4. Allow to dry thoroughly; bowls should separate easily when completely dry, after using a utility knife to cut paper that overlapped the rim. Remove remaining Vaseline from outside of papier-mâché bowl with damp, soapy cloth. If necessary, carefully pull away any loose strips from outside of bowl, and re-apply a couple of layers of newspaper and paper towels. Allow it to dry.
5. Decide whether to keep the rim of the bowl straight or to make it jagged, wavy, etc. Trim, if desired, with utility knife, without putting pressure on bowl.
6. Finish rim by applying papier-mâché (using paper towels) to rim.
7. When completely dry, prime bowl with one coat of gesso, and let dry. Then use acrylic paints to finish as desired.
8. Spray with 2 coats of varnish, allowing time to dry between coats. If desired, apply one coat of gloss interior wood varnish to seal and add sheen.

Evaluation:
1. Following directions 0-20 points
2. Use of class time 0-20 points
3. Understanding of concept 0-20 points
4. Craftsmanship 0-20 points
5. Completion of project 0-20 points



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